and Internet of things
The Internet of things is simply referred to as IoT, and the primary definition is that Iot consists of smart of connected devices including vehicles, physical devices, building and other devices that are embedded with actuators, sensors, electronics, software and network connectivity. These features which are integrated enables these devices to exchange and collect data. Internet of things is defined as a worldwide infrastructure for the general information society that allows advanced services. These advanced services are possible due to the interconnectivity of virtual and physical which is based on evolving and existing communication and information technologies interoperable by smart devices.
In this circumstance, the thing is, in fact, an object in a physical manner of the information technology which is, in this case, a virtual thing. Virtual things are capable of being integrated and identified through various communication networks. Internet of things allows various objects to be monitored and sensed as well as controlled in a remote manner across an existing network structure. Internet of things mainly creates opportunities for better integration of physical objects into virtual or computer-based structures which results in improved accuracy, efficiency, and financial benefit as well as it reduces required human intervention.
The Internet of things technology is augmented with actuators and sensors, so these technological advancements become an example of the greater cyber-physical systems. Internet of things technology also includes other technology advancements such as virtual power plants, intelligent transportation, smart grids, smart homes and smart cities. Each of these things is identifiable since they consist of a carefully embedded system. Each thing is also able to cooperate within an already existing Internet infrastructure. Recent studies show that it is very likely that Internet of things will consist of more than 30 billion objects shortly. It is expected that Internet of things will offer an even greater range of advanced technology devices that goes even beyond M2M or machine-to-machine communication systems. It is also expected that this technology of smart things will soon cover a wide range of domains, protocols, and applications. The advanced interconnection within smart objects and embedded devices is expected to drive automation in almost every field, and at the same time, it will be enabling other advanced applications such as a smart grid expanding to other areas like smart cities.
Things in the Internet of things technology, in fact, refer to a broad range of smart devices such as biochip transponders mostly used on animal farms, heart monitoring implants, electric clams, DNA analysis devices used in pathogen and food monitoring, automobiles with already built in sensors. Things also include smart devices which are used in various field operation such as devices that help firefighters in rescue operations. In other words, things in the Internet of things refer to a mixture of data and service, software and hardware.
These smart devices can gather relevant and useful information with the assistance of a wide range of existing technologies. Smart objects after collecting useful data are able to flow that data among other devices autonomously. Smart devices that are currently available on the market include home automation or smart home devices, like automating and control of lighting, smart thermostat, air conditioning systems, smart ventilation. Appliances such as robotic vacuums, automated dryers, and washers, air purifiers, freezers and refrigerators which use Wi-Fi for monitoring also are part of the internet of thing smart devices technology. Internet of things is expected to expand into a broad range of new fields. It is also expected that IoT will generate great amounts of data from various locations as a necessity for aggregation of data more quickly and easily. IoT also will further develop in order to process index and store data with greater effectivity. Currently Internet of Things in incorporated in platforms including Smart Energy Systems and Smart City.
Recent studies show that it is expected that some smart devices will be more than 20 billion shortly. It is also estimated that there will be 30 billion devices which will be linked to the Internet of things in the following years. It is more than apparent that Internet of things is a great step in the overall information revolution which started in recent years. Internet f things will be integrated into almost everything from transporting systems to household appliances and various medical devices.
Internet of things can find application in almost every field since its systems have the ability to connect various embedded devices even with limited computer desktop, limited memory, and limited power resources. Systems like this will be in charge of gathering various information in different field settings ranging from building factories, natural ecosystems. It is expected that Internet of things will expand its applications to almost every field of urban planning and environmental sensing. Internet of Things will be responsible for performing various actions as well, and its applications will further expand to intelligent shopping, transportation systems, biological sensors, energy managements, manufacturing assets, environmental monitoring, agriculture and others.
The smart home is also known as home automation or domotics. Smart home refers to a building automation systems for the home which include automation and control of heating and lighting, automated air conditioning or HVAC, smart thermostats and ventilation, and other appliances such as automated ovens, refrigerators, washers and other. Smart home devices are remotely controlled by Wi-FI. When these devices are controlled and monitored via the Internet, it makes them a great part of Internet of Things. Advanced systems mainly consist of sensors and switches that are connected to gateway or central hub from which the system is actually controlled. The Central hub controls an overall system with a consumer interface which is interacted with a wall-mounted platform or portable devices such mobile phone, tablet computers or via a web interface using internet cloud service.
Smart home applications include air conditioning, ventilating and heating, so it's is possible to remotely control and monitor all home monitors for energy using simple and friendly interface. Smart home applications also include lighting control systems and home security systems. It is possible to monitor and sense foreign occupancy using smart meters and sensors such as a CO2 sensor. These sensors are integrated into building automated structures in order to trigger various responses.
Smart home applications also include integration and control with a smart meter and smart grid. For instance, it is possible to take advantage of solar panels output at any time of the day. Applications also include various household security systems that are integrated into the home systems that provide additional services like security cameras and perimeter windows and doors. Other applications include home automation suitable for elderly and disabled, leak detection systems, CO2 and smoke detectors and indoor locating systems.